ALEKSANDROW LODZKI

ALEKSANDROW LODZKI, town in central Poland, founded in 1818. The first Jewish residents were under the jurisdiction of the Lutomiersk kahal, but an independent community was established in 1830 by Jews who came from Lutomiersk. In 1826 the governor of the Polish Congress Kingdom granted the community a privilege permitting them to reside and acquire property in specified areas of the town. The Jewish population of Aleksandrow Lodzki numbered around 1,000 in the 1850s; 1,673 (27.9% of the total population) in 1879; 3,061 (24.1%) in 1909; and 2,635 (31.9%) in 1921. -Holocaust Period In 1939 there were 3,500 Jews in Aleksandrow, comprising one-third of the total population. The German army occupied the town on Sept. 7, 1939, and on the following day set the main synagogue afire and forced the Jews to burn the Torah scrolls which were found in private homes. There were several cases of kiddush ha-Shem when Jews sacrificed their lives while trying to save the sacred books. Kidnapping of Jews in the streets, open robbery, and the imposition of ever higher ransoms continued until the end of 1939. In this period the famous "court" of the Aleksandrow zaddik (Danziger) was liquidated. All Jews of Aleksandrow were expelled to Glowno (in the Generalgouvernement) on Dec. 27, 1939. Some of them remained there and the others were deported to other towns of the Generalgouvernement. The Jewish cemetery of Aleksandrow was plowed up and turned into a park. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Aleksander (al-yad Lodz) (1968), memorial book in Heb. and Yid.

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Aleksandrow Lodzki — Aleksandrów Łódzki …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Aleksandrów Łódzki — Aleksandrów Łódzki …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Aleksandrow Lodzki — Aleksandrów Łódzki Aleksandrów Łódzki       …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Aleksandrow Łodzki — Aleksandrów Łódzki Aleksandrów Łódzki       …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Aleksandrów Łódzki — Héraldique …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Aleksandrów Łódzki — Infobox Settlement name = Aleksandrów Łódzki imagesize = 250px image caption = Weaver houses from 19th century image shield = POL Aleksandrów Łódzki COA.svg pushpin pushpin label position = bottom subdivision type = Country subdivision name = POL …   Wikipedia

  • Aleksandrow Lodzki — Original name in latin Aleksandrw dzki Name in other language Aleksandrov Lodzki, Aleksandrova Ludzka, Aleksandrow, Aleksandrow Lodzki, Aleksandruv Lodz kij, Aleksandruv Lodzinskij, Aleksandrw, Aleksandrw dzki, luo zi de qu ya li shan de lu fu,… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Gmina Aleksandrów Łódzki — Infobox Settlement name = Gmina Aleksandrów Łódzki other name = Aleksandrów Łódzki Commune settlement type = Gmina total type = Total image shield = POL Aleksandrów Łódzki COA.svg subdivision type = Country subdivision name = POL subdivision… …   Wikipedia

  • Antoniew, Gmina Aleksandrów Łódzki — Infobox Settlement name = Antoniew settlement type = Village total type = image shield = subdivision type = Country subdivision name = POL subdivision type1 = Voivodeship subdivision name1 = Łódź subdivision type2 = County subdivision name2 =… …   Wikipedia

  • Aleksandrów — may refer to the following places in Poland: * Aleksandrów County in Kuyavian Pomeranian Voivodeship (north central Poland) * Aleksandrów Kujawski, town, the seat of Aleskandrów County * Aleksandrów Łódzki, town in Łódź Voivodeship (central… …   Wikipedia

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